M-VECTOR COMPLETES INDEPENDENT LARGE-SCALE PUBLIC OPINION SURVEY OF THE POPULATION IN KAZAKHSTAN AND KYRGYZSTAN DEDICATED TO ECONOMIC, POLITICAL AND SOCIAL SITUATION IN THOSE COUNTRIES.
Surveys in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan cover a wide range of important issues, including: confidence of the population in the government institutions, and their performance; priority directions of country development; support to political parties; ranking of political leaders; level of economic and political stability in countries; living standards and economic expectations of the population; role of religion in country governance; influence of religious extremism in the country; immigration moods of the population; role of Russia, the U.S., China and other world powers in Central Asia; priority countries for international cooperation, and countries of the biggest threat; role of international organizations in Central Asia, and many more.
Population in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan differ in their assessments of economic and political development in their countries. Almost 60% in Kazakhstan consider their country politically stable; in Kyrgyzstan mere 16% of the population thinks the same. There are also different attitudes of the people to the performance of the government institutes: the president of Kazakhstan reaps absolute confidence of 69% of the population, 65% of the population evaluates his performance as a very good. 70% of population trust the President of Kyrgyzstan (among them 19% of population absolutely trust), 40% evaluate his performance as good (among them 8% thik he does a very good job).
Central Asia remains an arena of geopolitical influence of a few world powers, such as Russia, the United States, China and others. The survey showed that 74% of Kazakhstan population and as high as 90% of Kyrgyzstan population think that Russia plays a very positive role in the region. People in both countries also see Russia as the top priority country for international cooperation (Kazakhstan 65%, Kyrgyzstan 95%). On the contrary, China is viewed as the largest threat by the population of Kazakhstan (31%), while population of Kyrgyzstan thinks that Afghanistan (54%) and the U.S.A. (42%) pose the biggest threat to their country.
What role should religion play in governing the country? While majority of the population in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan think that their country should be secular, 33% in Kyrgyzstan believe that Islam should be part of the state policy, in one or another form (Kazakhstan 12%).
Lack of political stability, unemployment, poverty makes people of Kyrgyzstan look for better opportunities outside of the country. In Kyrgyzstan 12% of the population will definitely immigrate when there is a chance (Kazakhstan 7%), another 4% are already leaving the country.
The survey in Kazakhstan was conducted by telephone with 1,000 adults between August 20 and September 22, 2012. The survey in Kyrgyzstan was conducted with face-to-face interviews with 1,000 adults between August 5 and August 22, 2012. A sample of this size for each of the countries has a margin of error of +/-3.1%, 95% confidence level.
Surveys in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan were conducted by M-Vector under its new project Central Asian Barometer.
Mission of the Central Asian Barometer is to make public opinion in the Central Asian countries to help government institutions, international and public organizations make better, more accurate and timely decisions.
Central Asian Barometer will comprise a number of regular annual public opinion surveys and ad hoc polls to study economic, social and political attitudes and perceptions of the population of the key Central Asian countries. Results will be distributed on a subscription basis.
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